What is cannabis?
Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants that are usually broad-leafed with strong stem fibers. They are rich in compounds with medicinal properties such as cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes. Marijuana, hemp, and hops are all members of the Cannabaceae family. Cannabis plants are dioecious, meaning the plant can be male or female, and monoecious (also known as hermaphrodite) plants are not unusual. These plants are widely cultivated all over the world due to their vast valuable uses in different fields and industries.
What is the difference between marijuana & hemp?
Marijuana is high in THC; must have a Medical Marijuana Patient Card recommended by a state certified doctor to use it legally in Pennsylvania. Hemp is high in CBD; legal Industrial Hemp must have less than 0.3% THC by dry weight, hemp derived supplements are legal in Pennsylvania.
Can I use cannabis without getting high?
Yes. THC is the cannabinoid in cannabis responsible for the “high” associated with cannabis use. Patients who are not interested in experiencing euphoria can look for low-THC or high CBD products to treat their condition.
What are THC and CBD?
THC and CBD are molecules found in the cannabis plant called cannabinoids. Check out our Cannabinoid Dictionary for more.
What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are molecules found in many living things such as cannabis and humans. Endocannabinoids are found in humans, phytocannabinoids are found in plants. Phytocannabinoids found in cannabis interact with the Endocannabinoid System found in the human body to regulate a series of essential functions that maintain balance in the body.
What is the Endocannabinoid System (ECS)?
The ECS is a system in the human body made up of enzymes, cannabinoids, and receptors (CB1 and CB2 receptors. This complex system helps maintain the body’s state of balance (homeostasis) through a series of essential functions including regulating sleep, mood, appetite, nausea, pain, memory, and reproduction.
What are CB1 and CB2 receptors?
CB1 receptors are found in the brain and central nervous system. CB2 receptors are mostly found in the peripheral nervous system and immune tissues, but also found in the brain.
What are trichomes?
Trichomes are an outgrowth from the epidermis of plants, as a hair; a microorganism composed of many filamentous cells arranged in strands or chains. Trichomes are not exclusive to cannabis, many other plants such as tomatoes also have Trichomes. Check out What are trichomes? to learn more.